The ideal facial shaped has been described as “heart shaped”, “V shaped”, or “Upside Down Egg”. A youthful face draws attention to the upper face and eyes. With aging, the lower face becomes “heavier” and more dominant, as laxity and volume loss set it. Instead of round or oval, the shape of the face becomes closer to square. The underlying cause for these changes is primarily loss of fat, muscle, and bone.
The upper face’s width is determined primary by the temples. Fat pads in this area are particularly susceptible to atrophy associated with aging and exercise. To reestablish the youthful facial shape, it is essential to reflate the temples. There is a contiguous fat pad in the preauricular area which follows similar volume loss as the temples and should be volumized simultaneously. When the lateral cheeks are given filler, the temporal deficits become exaggerated and more obvious. Patients must be counseled on their temples whenever cheeks injected.
Besides the overall facial shape change, the benefits of filling the temples are the lift given to the surrounding tissues. The brow, and upper eyelid will be elevated with temporal filler. Placement of filler along the orbital rim and lower forehead further enhances this effect. The ideal temple should be convex in a women and slightly concave in the male.
The filling of the temples is reserved for the experienced injector. Dr. Weiner’s choice for this area is Sculptra because of its safety and natural appearance. The only downside to Sculptra is that when placed along the bone in the deepest aspect of the temporal fossa, a large volume of product is needed for complete correction. To finish corrections after the deep Sculptra placement, a superficial layer of HA filler (Restylane, Juvederm) can be safely placed using large bore cannulas. The filler is placed immediately below the dermis in the subcutaneous layer or just below the superficial layer of the temporalis fascia.
To reverse the signs of aging and restore the upper face dominance, temple volumization is required. It must be considered for patients that have brow and eyelid heaviness as well. This is an area that is difficult to treat with higher than average safety risks, and should be reserved for the most experienced injectors.